The Role of the Picture Editor
It is not important if photographs are “good.” It’s important that they are interesting. What makes a photograph interesting? I’ll count the ways: It can be our first look at something. It can be entertaining. It can evoke deep emotions. It can be amusing or thrilling or intriguing. It can be proof of something. It can jog memories or raise questions. It can be beautiful. It can convey authority. Most often, it informs. And, it can surprise.
Nothing is more important than the trust of photographers. Since they are not employees, but freelancers, photographers often operate from a disadvantaged position. Remember that:
· You are the photographers’ advocate. No one else will be.
· You are the photographers’ counselor, explaining the magazine to them and them to the magazine.
· You are the final arbiter when disagreements arise with other members of the staff.
Smooth the way for the photographer. Make certain that the proper research has been done before an assignment and that there is actually something to photograph. (It sounds unbelievable to say photographers can arrive to find their subjects don’t exist but it happens.)
You should back photographers’ good ideas with conviction and shield them from misguided suggestions: Often, something that sounds intelligent doesn’t look good in photographs. Intelligent thoughts are often better in the mind’s eye than in the camera.
Other editors, with the story’s text in hand, may judge photographs by what they have read. Don’t join them. The reader sees before he ever reads and may never read if there’s nothing interesting to see.
A good subject for one photographer may not be good for another. Some photographers create a graphic and dramatic structure of a scene and then record it. Others leave a scene alone, intent on catching the ring of truth in a moment’s natural activity. Some do a bit of both. Label the extremes “posed” and “candid.”
You must spot young talent and encourage it, giving these tyros more than occasional assignments. Give those you select enough work to allow them to develop, but remember that when photographers start out, they often imitate one famous photographer or another. Challenge them to be themselves. When a photographer such as Alfred Eisenstaedt or Annie Leibovitz makes his or her reputation in your publication, everyone, including the reader, benefits.
Treat all photographers equally-those with whom you become close friends as well as those with whom you do not. Remember:
· React promptly to pictures you like when photographers call. Don’t wait days or weeks to satisfy their curiosity. Be an audience without flattery. Photographers rarely get informed reactions to their work.
· Don’t assure photographers that their pictures will be printed if they may not be.
· Be clear about what expenses you will pay. Don’t quibble with the photographer’s expense report. Pay promptly. Photographers are usually one-person operations-hardly businesses. They have to pay the airline and rental car bills the next month.
· If you must assign two photographers to do the same subject, make sure the reasons are known to everyone.
· Don’t hold on to a photographer’s work just to keep it from your competition.
Do all this, and when the time comes for you to hold a photographer’s feet to the fire-to urge him to continue to press a difficult subject or try a fresh approach-your mutual trust will be gold.
Since you wouldn’t ask a photographer to shoot pictures by the pound, don’t present their work that way. Take their pictures and narrow them down to the best. It’s your job to show their work so that others can clearly see its quality.
Learn to visualize photographs in scale, and understand art directors’ everlasting concern with fitting photographs, headlines, body type and captions into a page’s space. Appreciate their solutions. Make your points before layouts are made. No one wants to tear up finished work.
When a story is proposed, the picture editor should take a leaf from the newspaper editor’s handbook-the part that cub reporters have to commit to memory and recall when they start out on a story. Who (or what) is interesting to look at? When is it interesting to look at? And where? And how?
To be interesting, a photograph needs to show something distinctive. A two-headed cow is unusual. A bride in her wedding gown standing in a kitchen is a bit odd. But there can also be something special in what otherwise might be a common picture: a child’s yawn, for example, or a man’s gestures or a tree’s shadow. The flawless detail in print from a large-format camera may define the peculiarity of a subject.
“Peculiar” means distinctive, individual (we say “peculiar as the nose on your face”), as well as aberrant, bizarre and absurd. It’s a good word to use when thinking about photographs. Before making an assignment, ask yourself, “What is peculiar about the subject?”
Before I became a picture editor, I assumed that “good photographers” took “good pictures” because they had a special eye. What I found was that good photographers take good pictures because they take great pains to have good subjects in front of their cameras. (Reflect a moment on what cameras do, and this makes sense.) Good photographers anticipate their pictures. What good picture editors do is help them.
Don’t try to tell a photographer how to take a picture, (except, possibly, suggesting some special effect). You want the photographer to follow his own instincts. You should, however, let the photographer climb upon your shoulders for a better view. That is, explain your thinking about the story. Talk about what might happen. Wonder if the man who invented “Post-its” would stick one on his nose. Raise the possibility without demanding to see it. Instead, expect to see something better.
Encourage good photographers to work for themselves, for posterity, for their grandchildren-not just for you. A photograph that solves a magazine’s problem is more interesting when the solution is something you remember after the problem is forgotten.
Text editors do their work after the fact. But because photographers have something in common with Babe Ruth-they either hit the ball or they don’t-almost everything a picture editor does is done before the pictures are taken. What can you do after a home run except smile?
No photographer can go out today and take a photograph that sums up the Obama Administration. Photographs don’t generalize. But a detail, when photographed, often conveys a sense of a whole. A finger, the man. A leaf, the tree. A curbstone, the city.
Photographers don’t like leaving their pictures to chance. When shooting people, they gravitate toward making portraits-strong, static pictures they are certain will command attention-not riskier pictures that catch people doing things. As in a novel, action is always at a premium. And in truth, most subjects are static. Encourage photographers to take chances. Will the 100-year-old lady please bend and touch her toes?
How do you choose a photographer? Personality is not important. (Like barbers, photographers need to get along with almost anyone in order to earn a living.) But the photographer’s way of working is important-and so is the subject’s way of life. You must meld the two to ensure success.
Take the responsibility when assignments fail. (Your job is to see that they don’t.)
To view more of Mr. Loengard’s work, visit his website at johnloengard.com
What a refreshingly uncommon vantage point!
I’m not a professional photographer as such, but that article was very inspiring and full of strong messages for even a designer like my self. No doubt it will be as much of an inspiration to all the real photographers out there. Your photographs certainly evoke deep emotions. Some lovely pieces of work.
Impressive! This blog has just been elevated by your words. Thank you for taking the time. I feel like I’ve just been injected by inspiration.
To Scott: You just hit a home run. Congrats!
Wow! This has to be one of the best articles to grace this site.
I really enjoyed this! The photographs and your words make me look at my photography anew.
I am a 57 year old high school chemistry teacher who recently took 2 years off to immerse in photography. During those two years I took several classes with Joe McNally and have made a lot of improvement as I have become the school photographer. Joe often talks about the importance of an editor and about you in particular. Reading your words has been a privilege. This is a view most of us will never have and I so appreciate your writing this. Truly, thank you. I am late for class as I write this, but I don’t care. What a treat to wake up to something so intelligent, interesting, and informative.
this was incredibly insightful, thank you
Very wonderful…I would have loved being a fly on the rock as you photographed Georgia O’Keefe…one of my favorites. Just saw an exhibit featuring her work here in Fort Worth at the Cowgirl Museum. I almost cried when I stood in front of it in person. The contrasts in your photos are enveloping. Thank you for sharing with us sir.
I got turned on to Mr. Loengard from Brad Moore – and I have to say I find his work absolutely inspiring. Thank you sooo much for sharing your time with us. This was an absolute treat this morning.
Thank you for sharing this perspective. Lacking an editor, this article helps me to question myself as if I had one, and makes me really want one!
Always wait for this post.
So much to read, learn and get inspired from.
Variety of individuals come across and speak from their experience, post their work. And teach.
Another great post here. I am sure everyone has to a learn a from this read.
I was ecstatic to see who today’s guest blog post was by. This was a great read and a wonderful insight, to the thoughts of a man with such impact in the photographic world. Thank you Mr. Loengard for sharing with us!
Pictures under discussion. As I see it. I think the titles of his books speak the frankness and the understanding he has for photography and photographers. These are required readings.
Bill Bogle, Jr.
One of the best Guest Blogs ever! On my way to Amazon to buy his book now. This is the kind of Info that will make us better and more successful. F-Stops and Shutter speeds are not nearly as important as perspective. Thanks so much for this one.
Great stuff! Very very interesting perspective. Really enjoyed this post!
I missed John Loengard’s experience of the Life Magazine ethic being a few years older than he. My learning curve started in my work as a staff reporter who eventually became a shooter. I was lucky to pick up camera cases- schlepping for Morse, Crane, Miller, Larson, the Scherschels,Sandrs, Skadding, McCombe, Feininger and a few others. I was also able to pick up many a tip that served me in good stead when I took up the samera ..I’ve done 1020 covers- only 2 on Life -but I did Life’s [icture of the year in 1959–and recently Life Books called my picture of soldiers and cops chasing Hippies though Chicago tear gas at the 68 Dem. Convention- one of the defining pictures of the past 100 years. We all stand on the shoulders of giants like Loengard and I am pleased to acknowledge same. more on americollector.com.
Fabulous images, great article.
Great article, intriguing angle. Gotta love these Guest Blog Wednesdays. Thank you Mr Loengard!
An inspiring read, as well as a convenient summary of Loengard’s excellent 1987 book “Pictures Under Discussion.”
At the same time, I couldn’t help having the uncomfortable feeling that I was reading, in effect, “How to Train Your Dinosaur.” Does this kind of picture-editing even exist anymore beyond a few tiny bastions of high-dollar journalistic anachronism? In most cases, isn’t “picture editor” now more commonly a euphemism for “harvester of stock-agency images”, or “luckless sod who does triage on ‘citizen journalist’ phone-cam snaps”?
Mr. Kelby, thank you so much for bringing this to the web and thank you Mr. Loengard for this fantastic insight into a great photographer and editors world.
Great to see you and get inspired by your words and thoughts.
I’m still running around snippin’ snapshots and trying to keep what’s really important in front of my camera’s lens.
Wonderful article! I just bought one of your books. Though I am primarily a wedding photographer it is so applicable to my work! Catching and anticipating the moment is what it is all about. Seeing ahead to the moment so that I am there when it happens is the intuitive and awareness part. Thanks for sharing Mr. Loengard!
All I can say is Amen! (And wow!)
Such clear thinking! This goes on my wall.
Phew. Beyond brilliant.
All I can say is:Â Damn.Â Thanks, you kick started my Monday in grand fashion. Â